Thursday 27 August 2015

Unlocking the Swiss Garden at Shuttleworth in Bedfordshire

Photo Credit: Andy Marshall
Welcome to a Guest Post from Garden Manager Corinne Price who shares a year in the life of this rare Regency gem:

I can’t believe it’s over a year since the completion of the Swiss Garden restoration project.  It was a mammoth 18 month task, hampered by bad weather and the odd technical hiccup, but we got there, and we proudly re-opened the garden to the public in July 2014.

During the £3.6m restoration, the garden’s delicate 13 listed buildings and structures – including 6 listed at Grade II* - underwent careful, specialist conservation.  Traditional materials and techniques were used where possible. 
Our two-storey centrepiece, the Swiss Cottage, was re-thatched using water reed from Norfolk, its finials re-gilded with 23 carat gold leaf and the missing or broken rustic decoration replaced.  Conservationists were able to recreate the original decoration by cleverly slicing Monterey pine cones and hazel and willow twigs.  

Altogether, over 25,600 shrubs and 8,400 bulbs were planted in 53 beds by horticultural contractors.  We laid 340 metres of path, using 300 tons of gravel and reinstated the lost Regency vistas to reveal the  ‘stage set’ views of the buildings, bridges, urns, arches and other garden features as originally intended in the early 19th century by the garden’s creator, Lord Ongley.

We also added a striking sculpture trail through the woodland, created by chain-saw sculptor Patrick Brown and inspired by ideas suggested by children from seven local schools, based on the garden and its history.    

Swiss Garden Today
With the hectic initial restoration behind us, the focus for the garden team has now shifted to returning more of the plants which had been lost from the garden after years of neglect. Craftsman Gardener, Kevin Hilditch, local apprentices Luke Lademan and Aaron Saralli and a growing band of volunteers now maintain the Swiss Garden.     

Photo Credit: Andy Marshall
The stunning Grade II* listed Grotto & Fernery had 4,300 panes of glass replaced with hand-cut, handmade cyclinder glass during the restoration and its interior has now been replanted with plants. In the Pulhamite-lined tunnels installed by the Swiss Garden’s Victorian owner, a selection of ferns which can deal with the lack of light have been popped into the planting pockets and are already beginning to thrive.  They include Adiantum, Asplenium, Dryopteris, Polypodium and Polystichum as base planting, with added interest in the form of different frond shapes - for instance ‘Hart’s Tongue’ ferns, the parsley-like Athyrium felix-femina 'Lady in lace’ and Cyrtomium fortunei  with its sickle-shaped pinnae.  Also included are some of the smaller varieties of hostas.

Photo Credit: Darren Harbar
The tunnels open into the Regency conservatory area – which is much lighter, brighter and warmer.  Here we were able to add more colour and four large Strelitzia reginae, bought as mature plants and already flowering, act as a vibrant centrepiece.  The strong architectural form of this plant contrasts beautifully with the more delicate fronds of the tree ferns and the addition of Streptocarpus and further light-tolerant ferns add more variety to the mix.   Wisteria sinensis, which was previously trained along wires to arch across these beautifully glazed ‘arms’ of the Grotto & Fernery, have also been replaced.

Outside, the garden now boasts more ferns and ground cover plants in the steep banks leading down to the Grotto & Fernery.  The ground-cover plants are helping us with the maintenance of this challenging area – it is dry, very steep and difficult to weed!  A base planting of hardy staples such as Geranium, Digitalis, Brunnera and Alchemilla has been embellished with splashes of Vinca, Viola odorata and Omphalodes cappadocia.   Bulbs also play an important part.  We aimed for a fairly naturalistic planting style, with plenty of fern material to connect this area to the Grotto & Fernery while also providing a functional and dense ‘mulch’ of ground cover plants to assist with the retention of moisture and to curtail weed growth.

Elsewhere in the garden, the Floral, Pond Cascade and Chapel Arches now host a selection of newly planted rambling rose and Clematis varieties, and future plans include the addition of a series of ‘intense horticultural moments’ into the garden’s main series of planted beds, to break up the shrub planting and offer further colour and vibrancy. 

Restoration of the 9-acre Swiss Garden has transported it back to its Regency appearance, when its creator, Lord Robert Henley Ongley dropped his ‘alpine’ landscape, complete with tumbling water and grassy slopes into its unlikely, previously flat, Bedfordshire setting.  With its buildings rescued from decay and its meandering paths, water features and vistas looking very much as they once did, the past year has seen us build on this structure by adding the finishing touches in the form of the plants which soften its lovely features and once again make it the magical place it once was.    
‘Quaint’, ‘quirky’, ‘hidden gem’ and 'fairyland' - words and phrases that may seem a bit clich├ęd, but as the most complete surviving example of a Regency garden in Britain, we think Swiss Garden justifies them all!  One thing is for certain - at the Swiss Garden, you will discover a little oasis of charm and tranquillity which, along with our three resident peacocks, makes for a memorable visit.

The Swiss Garden  is located at The Shuttleworth Collection (Old Warden) Aerodrome, Near Biggleswade SG18 9EP. Open from 9.30am to 5pm daily.  Admission to Swiss Garden is £8 for adults and £7 for seniors with children under 16 free.  Joint tickets, to include entry to the Shuttleworth Collection are £20 for adults and £17.50 for seniors. 
The Swiss Garden also hosts events – click here for more information 

The Shuttleworth Collection has almost 50 aircraft on display dating from 1909 and vintage cars and stages regular air displays and other events and click on the link for for the full programme of events at Shuttleworth

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